These people, though technically called, will likely rise in the second resurrection, when they will be able to respond to God without Satan's interference. What the Bible says about The man was plainly not dressed correctly for this occasion. To refuse the garment is insulting to the giver. So the wedding hall was filled with guests. Forgiveness is a difficult concept to learn, much less implement each day. Instead, our goal is to follow the Lord’s call to reach out with the Gospel in order that the Holy Spirit would give each person the wedding garment of salvation through Christ. What’s more, God wants this salvation invitation to go out to all. It would be a gross insult to the king to refuse to wear the garment provided to the guests. Notice that the servants make no distinction between good and bad. In the parable, the king finds a man at the feast who is not wearing a wedding garment. I’ll include a few thoughts on Law and Gospel, some ideas for presenting this parable, and couple of song suggestions. So often, it is easy to let down in our thinking, assessing that, because we believe we are members of the church, we can relax in our conduct and spiritual growth. He had defiantly refused to put one on. 22 And again Jesus spoke to them in parables, saying, 2 “The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king who gave a wedding feast for his son, 3 and sent his servants [] to call those who were invited to the wedding feast, but they would not come. The wedding garment is simply mentioned here as being a test of loyalty to those who came to the marriage feast, and as a mode by which rebellion was avowed and loyalty made apparent. Unfortunately, many modern-day readers share the view of the Jewish leaders, including a fair number of Christians. So the wedding hall was filled with guests. Another group appears in verse 22: those in whom “the cares of this world and the deceitfulness of riches choke the word.” Some among us in former days partook of a slice of success in this world, and their wealth and position eventually became more important to them than doing what God asks of His people. THE WEDDING GARMENT (Matthew 22:1-14) A. To understand the new and the old, it is important to realize that the “old” could have many applications. COL 307.1 Teaching Kids How to Make Faith-Based Resolutions, Teaching the Twelve Apostles: James the Lesser. David C. Grabbe Just as the king provided the wedding garment for the guests, God provides salvation. (From Forerunner Commentary). When the king entered the wedding hall, he noticed that one guest clearly stood out from all the others because he was not wearing a wedding garment. Reconciliation is even harder. Let’s start off with the Parable of the Wedding Feast. But when the king came in to look at the guests, he saw there a man who had no wedding garment. 1. And Jesus said to him, “Why do you call Me good? Therefore, the “old” elements in this parable could be any system of belief aside from what became available through Christ. In verse 6, Jesus expands on what He said in verse 2: “If anyone does not abide not in Me, he is cast out as a branch and is withered; and they gather them and throw them into the fire, and they are burned.” The unfruitful branch's ultimate end is the Lake of Fire. The Pharisees, then, were not actually living by the Old Covenant! Having the man brought forward, the king asked: “Friend, how did you come in here without a wedding garment?” (Matthew 22:12). The Jewish Rabbis often told two parables about wedding feast. They had gotten far off course. We can assume that those attending the wedding feast are given garments upon entering. Even if one is poor, there is pressure to put on a good show. According to the parable as recorded in Matthew 22:1-13, Jesus Christ likened the kingdom of heaven to a certain king, who made a marriage feast on the occasion of the wedding of his son. In the same way, some people may appear perfect, but in reality we all need what God has to offer in Christ. Second, just like the servants who invite people to the wedding banquet, God’s Holy Spirit reaches out with the Gospel of salvation in Jesus Christ. Their understanding is that a good person is a Jew, faithful to the teaching of Moses and the Pharisees. At various times I've had this recurring dream. Those who put on the wedding garment as good as said, … The Parable. The man without a wedding garment.—Though this feature has no connection with the polemic against the Sanhedrists, it does not follow, as even Weiss (Matthäus-Evang.) Jesus begins with an example of old and new garments: “No one puts a piece from a new garment on an old one; otherwise the new makes a tear, and also the piece that was taken out of the new does not match the old.” In Scripture, going all the way back to the Garden of Eden, garments or clothing are common symbols of righteousness. Hymn numbers are for All God’s People Sing. For example, some, facing the prospect of losing a job because of keeping of the Sabbath, rationalized that God would not want them to fail to support their families and so left the church, considering God's way to be too difficult. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. Extravagant amounts of money are spent for the ceremony and the reception. The two coverings are incompatible—we have to choose one or the other. When Phil is not giving raisins to Sunshine, he serves as pastor at St. John Lutheran Church and School in Kendallville. 1-14.This contains two related parables. The parable of the wedding garment opens before us a lesson of the highest consequence. The conclusion is that, if a new garment is available, we would be foolish to use it to mend an old, defective one. Here, therefore, the "wedding garment" is nothing less than the "holiness" without which "no man shall see the Lord" (Hebrews 12:14), and that holiness, as in the framework of the parable and in the realities of the spiritual life, Christ is ever ready to impart to him that truly believes. In this way the wedding was finally furnished with guests. The Parable of the Wedding Garment: Matthew 22:10–14. We can conclude that, while God's calling is widespread—going to “as many as [His servants] find” (Matthew 22:9)—those who respond to His invitation and whom He subsequently chooses to wear a wedding garment are a far smaller group. Notice verses 1-2: “I am the true vine, and My Father is the vinedresser. In other words, he quits producing the kind of character growth God wants to see in him. Instead, God gave them tunics made of skin (verse 21), requiring the life of an animal, representing the Lamb of God giving His life to cover sin. First, Jesus suffered and died to redeem the whole world. Every branch that does not bear fruit He takes away [margin: lifts up; or removes, cuts off]; and every branch that bears fruit He prunes, that it may bear more fruit.” He ends the passage by saying, “By this My Father is glorified, that you bear much fruit; so you will be My disciples” (verse 8). If we do this, we will indeed be among the chosen—the elect—and glorified with Christ. Recall Psalm 14:3: They have all turned aside; together they have become corrupt; there is none who does good, not even one. This was Jesus’ way of teaching the inadequacy of self-righteousness. If you haven’t read The Parable of the Wedding Banquet in Matthew 22:1-14, go read it. Many people claim to be Christians, but they haven’t truly given their hearts to Jesus Christ. The parable of the wedding garment opens before us a lesson of the highest consequence. However, as you observe more closely, you find dirt, wear, and other imperfections. The wedding garment itself represents salvation by grace through faith in Jesus Christ. Since the Pharisees could not recognize the Object of the Covenant, what they were practicing was not what the pre-incarnate Christ delivered to Moses. His lack of proper dress revealed his inner rebellion against the king and his instructions. In the parable, the one who insulted the king was thrown into the darkness. The Parable of the Wedding Banquet: An Exposition of Matthew 22:1-14. The reason the gospel has a lot to do with the first reading for Mass, and the responsorial psalm too though, is because of the wedding garment in this parable: “But when the king came in to meet the guests he saw a man there not dressed in a wedding garment. In fact, they were sufficient unto themselves with their farms and shops; they felt they had need of nothing (Revelation 3:17). Parable is just a fancy word for a story. The matter of the wedding garment is instructive. Most surprising of all is the end of the story. By the marriage is represented the union of humanity with divinity; the wedding garment represents the character which all must possess who shall … Certainly, Judaism makes use of the writings of Moses and the prophets, but it also leans heavily on the traditions of Jewish scholars and is infused with Greek philosophy. A marriage has been arranged for the king's son, and the initial invitations were sent out so all on the guest list could make plans to attend. He wanted to do things his own way. To introduce the lesson, lead a discussion on what it means to be “good” and “bad.” How many bad things can you do before you are a bad person? Such a person becomes distracted by the world and chooses to prioritize God, not first, but further down the list. While Jesus’ parable of the wedding garment is relatively brief, it presents two fundamental teachings of the Christian faith: God’s definitions of “good” and “bad” are vastly different from our own, and there is salvation only by grace through faith in Christ. CPH publishes over 8,000 products for churches, homes (individuals and families), and schools including Bibles, Bible studies, curriculum, Vacation Bible School (VBS), Sunday School, worship resources, church supplies, Spanish resources, and other Christian books and gifts. God secures your steps as you move... Mission work is important for every Christian. By the marriage is represented the union of humanity with divinity; the wedding garment represents the character which all must possess who shall be accounted fit guests for the wedding. Some commentators suggest that the wedding clothes or garment in this parable were provided by the host, but this is unlikely to be the intended implication. What exactly the wedding garment symbolizes is not generally agreed on among Christian theologians. They, too, spurned their calling. A third invitation had to be sent. Pastor Phil Rigdon and his wife, Jamelyn, live in Kendallville, Indiana, with their pet chinchilla, Sunshine. 22: 1-14 Page 2 I. Parable of the Wedding Garment, Parables of Jesus Christ: Guests at Wedding Supper. Rejecting the garment of Christ’s righteousness represents a rejection of the character that qualifies men and women to … If you put on a garment, what do people see when they look at you? Vs. 1-2 The king prepared a great wedding feast for His son. Point out how the room appears clean at first glance. By the marriage is represented the union of humanity with divinity; the wedding garment represents the character which all must possess who shall be accounted fit guests for the wedding. To the modern-day reader, the phrase “bad and good” in verse 10 may suggest that God divides people based on their behavior or innate worth. In that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth”. The Parable of the Wedding Feast . But, just as it makes no sense to tear off a piece from a new garment to patch an old one, so is it also a futile exercise to try to keep our own righteousness intact and use a little bit of Christ's righteousness to cover a flaw here and there. In the parable, the man without a wedding garment represents all those who have joined the Church for reasons other than love for Christ. Because Jesus was taken away, His righteousness is available to us, so we need to discard any thought that our own is suitable. Here the dispensational aspect of the parable comes to an end. The call to the feast. The wedding garment represents “the righteousness of Christ.” So, rejecting the garment represents the rejection of character that qualify men to become children of God. The Parable of the Sower both warns and advises us on the course of our lives once we hear “the word of the kingdom” (verse 19). Our emphasis, especially now as the times worsen, must be on working to make sure we are chosen. His presence at the wedding is a sign of his rebellion against the king's authority and majesty, symbolized by the feast. Explain that the white represents the purity of God, which we receive through faith in Jesus Christ. In these the Kingdom of Heaven is presented as the wedding banquet of a certain king's son -obviously God's. Here was a man then who came into the gospel feast, and yet refused to … It is not enough that we merely believe the invitation of the Gospel; we must lay hold of the righteousness of God, which is offered us in Christ Jesus, and upon all them that believe. And again Jesus spoke to them in parables, saying, All our own righteousness are as filthy rags, but when we come to the Lord Jesus in repentance and faith, then God imputes His righteousness to us, reckoning Christ’s righteousness as ours. John 3:16 teaches this. The wording, “And he was speechless,” indicates that he was without excuse. Perhaps we regard ourselves as automatically chosen, that we “have it made.” That is dangerous thinking! The sense of his question is one of incredulity. Isaiah 64:6 says that “all our righteousnesses are like filthy rags.” The Pharisees had a righteousness, but Jesus asserts that our righteousness must exceed theirs (Matthew 5:20), meaning that we need to have His righteousness imputed to us, which becomes our new covering, our new garment. The wedding garment was a sign of respect to him who had provided the feast and presided over it: judge today whether you have the wedding garment on, by enquiring whether you honour and reverence the Lord God, and labour to be obedient to him in all things. Christ's being taken away makes the “newness” possible, and once that “newness” is available, it is wholly incompatible with the old. In the last post of the Teaching the Twelve Apostles series, learn about James the Lesser, who was given the power to heal the sick and... Concordia Publishing House (CPH) is the publisher of The Lutheran Church—Missouri Synod (LCMS) dedicated to spreading the Gospel message of Jesus Christ throughout the whole world. After all the guests have assembled, the king spots a man without a wedding garment and orders that he be shown the door. Then the king said to the attendants, “Bind him hand and foot and cast him into the outer darkness. The wedding banquet is to be with God in heaven. The guests, who were invited had put on their wedding garment, except one. However, those invited, though possibly honored by the invitation, declined to attend the wedding. Of the guests who have been gathered one is unworthy. In the parable of the wedding feast, Jesus compared the Kingdom of heaven to a king, who made a marriage for his son. God does it all. Parable of the Wedding Garment He decides against clothing himself properly, even though the appropriate clothing is available. There was one guest. 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