Sixtus IV sĭk´stəs , 1414–84, pope (1471–84), an Italian named Francesco della Rovere (b. near Savona); successor of Paul II. He decreed that the people should chant with the priest during the Sanctus at the Holy Communion section of the Catholic Mass.. He formally annulled the decrees of the Council of Constance in 1478. At the beginning of his papacy, in 1471, Sixtus had donated several historically important Roman sculptures that founded a papal collection of art, which would eventually develop into the collections of the Capitoline Museums. 150–196. 124. He was made general of his order, the Franciscans, in 1464 and became (1467) a cardinal. Title of Ss. Pope Sixtus IV (21 July 1414 – 12 August 1484), born Francesco della Rovere, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 9 August 1471 to his death. [3] That was a cornerstone of the privileges claimed for the Gallican Church and could never be shifted as long as Louis XI manoeuvred to replace King Ferdinand I of Naples with a French prince. A History of Uppsala University: 1477-1977. Louis was thus in conflict with the papacy, and Sixtus could not permit it. Sixtus VI was elected on 28 August 2007 in a Papal conclave, celebrated his Papal Inauguration Mass on 1 September 2007, and took possession of his cathedral, the Archbasilica of St John Lateran, on 7 May 2005. "Sede Vacant August 12, 1484—August 29, 1484", California State University, Northridge, De aliquis mutationibus in normis de electione Romani Pontificis, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1484_papal_conclave&oldid=981346519, Articles needing additional references from June 2015, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina, administrator of Valencia, Bishop of Ostia e Velletri, bishop of Bologna, administrator of Avignon, Bishop of Palestrina, patriarch of Aquileia, Title of S. Maria in Trastevere, archbishop of Milan, Title of Ss. Pope Pius V … [7] His nephew Pietro Riario also benefited from his nepotism. As a civic patron in Rome, even the anti-papal chronicler Stefano Infessura agreed that Sixtus should be admired. Pietro became one of the richest men in Rome and was entrusted with Pope Sixtus' foreign policy. Saint. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Miranda, Salvador. Sixtus's earlier threats to excommunicate all captains or pirates who enslaved Christians in the bull Regimini Gregis of 1476 could have been intended to emphasise the need to convert the natives of the Canary Islands and Guinea and establish a clear difference in status between those who had converted and those who resisted. Sixtus was expected to be a reformer, but he … His parents were poor, and while still a child he was destined for the Franciscan Order.Later he studied philosophy and theology with great success at the University of Pavia, and lectured at Padua, Bologna, Pavia, Siena, and Florence, having amongst other eminent disciples the famous Cardinal Bessarion. His bronze funerary monument, now in the basement Treasury of St. Peter's Basilica, made like a giant casket of goldsmith's work, is by Antonio Pollaiuolo. However, after the conquest of Smyrna, the fleet disbanded. Those concessions were confirmed by Sixtus in his own bull, Aeterni regis, of 21 June 1481. [2] However, the two factions of cardinals differed over whether the church ought to prioritize the continuation of the Italian League or should prioritize papal power (especially vis-a-vis Naples) over the preservation of the peace. Alexander VI, corrupt, wordly, and ambitious pope (1492–1503), whose neglect of the spiritual inheritance of the church contributed to the development of the Protestant Reformation. Ercole I d'Este, Duke of Ferrara, was allied with the Sforzas of Milan, the Medicis of Florence along with the King of Naples, normally a hereditary ally and champion of the papacy. Sixtus II is referred to by name in the Roman Canon of the Mass. "Conclave of August 26 - 29, 1484", Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, The election of Pope Innocent VIII (1484), Adams, John Paul. Giovanni e Paulo, bishop of Macon, Title of Ss. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1912. Francesco Salviati, Archbishop of Pisa and a main organizer of the plot, was hanged on the walls of the Florentine Palazzo della Signoria. In calce a: Nicolas de Clemanges, Opera omnia, […] Pope. Sixtus IV, pope from 1471 to 1484 who effectively made the papacy an Italian principality. It was that access to corpses which allowed the anatomist Vesalius, along with Titian's pupil Jan Stephen van Calcar, to complete the revolutionary medical/anatomical text De humani corporis fabrica. Sixtus IV (sĬk´stəs), 1414–84, pope (1471–84), an Italian named Francesco della Rovere (b. near Savona); successor of Paul II. [22] This act of Sixtus IV had a profound long-term effect on the society and culture of Sweden, an effect which continues up to the present. He felt unwell that evening and was forced to cancel a meeting he was to hold with his cardinals the following morning. He went on to lecture at Padua and many other Italian universities. As pope he is regarded as the successor of Saint Peter. That was part of a broader scheme of urbanization carried out under Sixtus IV, who swept the long-established markets from the Campidoglio in 1477 and decreed in a bull of 1480 the widening of streets and the first post-Roman paving, the removal of porticoes and other post-classical impediments to free public passage. The secular fortunes of the Della Rovere family began when Sixtus invested his nephew Giovanni with the lordship of Senigallia and arranged his marriage to the daughter of Federico III da Montefeltro, duke of Urbino; from that union came a line of Della Rovere dukes of Urbino that lasted until the line expired, in 1631. Pope Linus (/ ˈ l aɪ n ə s / (); died c. AD 76) was the second bishop of Rome.His pontificate endured from c. AD 67 to his death. He was made cardinal in 1467 by Pope Paul II, whom he succeeded on Aug. 9, 1471. They again were influenced by Pope Sixtus IV, who was an enemy of the Medici. Cardinal di Montalto was elected pope in 1585; and he chose the name Sixtus V. During the reign of Sixtus V, the dome of St Peter's Basilica was completed;. Pope Sixtus IV : biography 21 July 1414 – 12 August 1484 The English theologian John Bale attributed to Sixtus "the authorisation to practice sodomy during periods of warm weather" to the Cardinal of Santa Lucia.Giovanni Lydus, Analecta in librum Nicolai de Clemangiis, De corrupto Ecclesiae statu. Pope Sixtus I (42 – 124, 125, 126 or 128), also spelled Xystus, a Roman of Greek descent, was the bishop of Rome from c. 115 to his death. He succeeded Pope Alexander I and was in turn succeeded by Pope Telesphorus.His feast is celebrated on 6 April. His pursuit of political goals and unremitting efforts to aggrandize his family were seen as excessive. [2] Cardinal Borja led the first faction and Cardinal della Rovere, the second; these factions were roughly aligned with the Orsini and Colonna families, respectively. Nevertheless, Sixtus IV quarrelled over protocol and prerogatives of jurisdiction; he was unhappy with the excesses of the Inquisition and condemned the most flagrant abuses in 1482. The external dome was covered with lead and the bands were covered with bronze gilt. His election was manipulated by Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere (later Pope Julius II), … Posthumous style. [17], As a temporal prince who constructed stout fortresses in the Papal States, he encouraged the Venetians to attack Ferrara, which he wished to obtain for another nephew. Pope Sixtus IV (Latin: Xystus Quartus; 21 July 1414 - 12 August 1484), originally Francesco della Rovere, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 213th Pope from 1471 until his death in 1484.. Marcellino e Pietro, archbishop of Lisbon, Title of S. Crisogono, bishop of Recanati, 25 March 1471 (in pectore), 10 December1477, Title of S. Clemente, archbishop of Turin, Title of Ss. 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